The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is the largest and most diverse part of the greater Micronesian sub-region of the vast Pacific region. It is a federation of four semi-autonomous island States, in geographic sequence from west to east - Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae - comprised of 607 islands. The conservation and preservation of endemic species is of particular importance to the FSM’s natural heritage and globally significant. The marine and terrestrial significance are the foundation of the country’s long term economic self-sufficiency as articulated in its National Biodiversity Strategic Plan and subsequently its Strategic Development Plan 2004-2026. Maintaining the habitats and ecosystems that nurture this diversity is crucial to sustaining the country’s rich ethnobiological traditions while improving Micronesians’ quality of life since sixty percent of its population is dependent on subsistence livelihoods. Further inventory and monitoring of the FSM terrestrial and marine biodiversities are integral and priority to a thorough understanding and appreciation of the island’s biodiversity. The spread of invasive species is a continual threat due to increased movement of people and machinery between the islands, and needs to be carefully monitored and controlled.
Protect, conserve, and sustainably manage a full and functional representation of the FSM's marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems
There are three needs for capacity building in forestry. The first is in the small number of staff. With the advent of the TNC Micronesia Challenge and other expectations, Forestry staff currently finds it difficult to both carry out work under performance based budgets as well as to accommodate these additional programs and visitors. It is anticipated that some of the 12 million dollars pledged by The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International will help increase the number of persons working in forestry. The second is for training relevant to work at hand. Forestry agencies are interested in opportunities for scholarships to develop Forestry professionals, internships and relevant training resulting in certification in needed skills. The Yap State chapter describes a potential training and internship program with mainland U.S. firefighters. The third need in capacity development is to assist communities in understanding environmental issues and in developing and implementing quality projects.
Establish effective biosecurity programs to effectively protect the FSM's biodiversity from impacts of alien invasive species
Urban forestry activities provide a link between government forestry agencies and communities. This is a very important program as it is the main avenue to address the need to "turn forestry from a small government agency into a community concern." Now that communities have access to assistance from the UNDP Small Grants Programme, state forestry agencies can assist communities in developing and implementing quality projects. Funding available through U&CF program thus has considerable leverage.
Improve environmental awareness and education and increase involvement of citizenry of the FSM in conserving their country's natural resources
Food security is a major concern of all 4 states, especially with respect to climate change and sea level rise. At the same time, the conservation of biodiversity and protection of ecosystem integrity is another high priority of all 4 states. A general strategy for achieving both objectives is to enhance agroforests and expand food production activities upland into already disturbed areas of secondary vegetation, while conserving areas of native forests: upland forests and coastal mangroves. Food production via agroforestry was seen by all states as a way to maintain ecosystem integrity while producing food. A further need to is preserve “agrobiodiversity;" the wide range of species and sub-specific varieties of traditional crops that provide genetic resilience in the face of climate change. In addition, all states wanted to protect agroforests and other forests from invasive species, pests and diseases.
Fed. States of Micronesia Department of Resources & Development
PO Box PS-12
Palikir, Pohnpei FSM 96941